19 June, 2016

Young people in Refugee Crisis

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Category: Asylum seekers, Refugees
Community Manager
4 pm

Young-refugees-Macedona_600x300Written by RINA PLAKU

Worldwide there are millions of people who are on the run from wars and violence, political persecution, but also of hunger and misery. Over the years there is an increase in the number of people, who abandon their homes due to natural disasters. Eventually this leads to the increase of the demand for humanitarian aid also. In a future perspective humanitarian aid, all over the world, needs to transform from classic management of disasters into management of risks. For this, of course, more money is needed. At the same time, in order to do this, we need to reshape the structures and the way of our thinking. Yet, funds allocated for humanitarian aid after the occurrence of any natural disaster or catastrophe remain the benchmark, but not the funding for the prevention of the disasters or catastrophes that might happen in the future.

If we wonder why it should be a matter of concern for European, North African, Arab, or any other youth the reasons are easy to be found between the lines and the facts that are shown to us day by day from the large number of refugees arriving in the European continent.

Occasionally when we hear the word ‘refugee’, the second word that would cross our mind refers to the Syrian refugee, perhaps the most unfortunate. In Syria, the conflict, which is expressed as military action, is kept alive by new recruits. The escalation of the conflict and the constant change on where the conflict was occurring, between the pro-governmental forces and the anti-regime forces. This created the “possibility” for other groups to join in in the conflict, like HEZBOLLAH, ISIS, Kurds, rebels. Due to this there was an increase in the “demand” for new recruits to fight for these groups. There is no doubt as we can see from the published statistic, that most of the recruits and military personal in average are of young age.

In a statistical analysis conducted by OHCHR for the registered victims of the conflict, at the time when the study was conducted, they admit that they couldn’t define the age ratio of the victims for 83% of them. On the other hand, for the victims that they could define the age, the statistics show that, 2,165 identified victims belong to the age ratio of 0-9 years old and 6,638 victims belong to the age ratio of 10-18 years old. The report acknowledges that the number of identified and unidentified victims stands at 2/3 ratio. At the time that the study was conducted, there was a total of 319,000 victims both identified and unidentified.

Youngsters and minors make the largest numbers also in the refugees of war; a fact, which pushed TIME Magazine on 22 September 2015 to name an article: “The Syrian Refugee Crisis Shows Far More Young People Want to Flee War Than Fight It”. According to UNHCR statistics, men eligible by age for military recruitment, make the larger number of refugees which seek a better life in Europe and make the 71% of the total number of the refugees.

The heavy conflict situation, similar in many sectors in Syria, includes also the educational system. Due to the armed conflict there, youngster are deprived of their education. All educational institutions for over 5 years have stopped functioning. Their infrastructure has either been use as base for military action, or has been heavily damaged, or totally destroyed.

Before the conflict started, Syria had a 5 % of illiteracy. Since the beginning of the armed conflict, at least 5 generations of children had zero chance to get education. This is of great importance and concern. Refugee Studies Center of the University of Oxford in Britain conducted a study regarding the complicated situation of youth who are eligible for proper education depending on their age.

The objective of the above data is to intentionally raise awareness amongst youngsters from different generations, apart from their culture and nationality. One of the many examples is an inspiring and fine example in the region, which involves Greek and Serbian peers. The standard set by the coordination of charitable activities is the most significant example to follow on when the first Syrian refugee will set foot on Albanian border.

Thinking of in this times we had a good omen, an example to follow, when Pope Francis recognized Mother Teresa’s second “miracle” and therefore she was made a saint, a humanitarian, a loving person, a person who helped others. A person that we can learn from how to treat people, how to be nice to them, how to accept them. What can be read between the lines is the: Albania can cultivate, Albanians can

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