10 June, 2016

Refugees: Top Hosting Countries (INFOGRAPHIC)

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Category: Asylum seekers, European Action Day, infographic, Refugees
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By mid-2015, refugees resided in 169 countries or territories. Sudan now features among the top 10 refugee-hosting countries, having replaced China. This is largely due to the conflict in South Sudan, which forced tens of thousands to flee to Sudan, as outlined above. With this inclusion, half of the top 10 refugee-hosting countries are now located in sub-Saharan Africa, with four of them being least developed countries.
With 1.84 million refugees in its territory, Turkey remained the country hosting the largest group.
Where do the world’s refugees come from? Syrian Arab Rep. Afghanistan Somalia South Sudan Sudan Dem. Rep. of Congo Central African Rep. Myanmar Eritrea Iraq (in millions) end-2013 mid-2014 end-2014 mid-2015
This is a significant turnaround, as until 2012, Turkey did not feature among even the top 20 refugee-hosting countries. At the end of the reporting period, Syrians accounted for 1.81 million or 98 per cent of all registered refugees in the country, most of them located in urban agglomerations. In addition, the number of Iraqi refugees registered with UNHCR in Turkey stood at 20,600.
Pakistan hosted the second-largest number of refugees worldwide with 1.5 million individuals, virtually all of them from Afghanistan. The renewal of some 80,000 Proof of Registration cards for Afghan refugees was partly offset by the voluntary return of around 44,700 Afghans from Pakistan to their country. Lebanon remained the third-largest refugeehosting country, with 1.2 million refugees under UNHCR’s mandate. As in Turkey, the overwhelming majority (99%) of refugees in Lebanon originated from the Syrian Arab Republic. This was in addition to 7,300 Iraqi refugees.
The number of refugees in the Islamic Republic of Iran remained virtually unchanged from the beginning of 2015, at 982,000 at mid-year. This figure included 951,000 Afghan refugees and 28,300 Iraqi refugees. As such, the Islamic Republic of Iran remained the fourth-largest refugee-hosting country worldwide. The refugee population in Ethiopia continued to grow in 2015, reaching 702,500 by mid-year. This compares to 659,500 six months earlier and is the result of an influx of South Sudanese and Eritrean refugees, among others. Ethiopia remained the fifth-largest refugee-hosting country worldwide, with the largest such populations originating from South Sudan (275,400), Somalia (247,300), Eritrea (139,300), and Sudan (36,500). The number of refugees in Jordan under UNHCR’s mandate increased by about 10,000 persons to 664,100 at mid-year, most of whom originated from the Syrian Arab Republic. The refugee population in Kenya remained virtually unchanged at 552,300. As such, Jordan and Kenya remained the sixth- and seventh-largest refugee-hosting countries, respectively.
With renewed conflicts in the eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo and South Sudan, tens of thousands of individuals fled these two countries to Uganda during the first part of the year. As a consequence, Uganda hosted a new all-time high for the country of 428,400 refugees.
More Data unhcr – http://data.unhcr.org/

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